Plant Library
tree

European Silver Fir

Abies alba

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European Silver Fir (Abies alba) at Bedner's Farm & Greenhouse

European Silver Fir foliage

European Silver Fir foliage

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  60 feet

Spread:  15 feet

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  6a

Other Names:  Common Silver Fir

Description:

This wonderful fir eventually grows very tall with a nice spreading habit; layered branches with mid-green needles with silver undersides;makes a wonderful evergreen focal point on the landscape

Ornamental Features

European Silver Fir has attractive forest green foliage with silver undersides. The needles are highly ornamental and remain forest green throughout the winter. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. The smooth gray bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

European Silver Fir is a dense multi-stemmed evergreen tree with a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and usually looks its best without pruning, although it will tolerate pruning. It has no significant negative characteristics.

European Silver Fir is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Vertical Accent
  • Hedges/Screening
  • Windbreaks and Shelterbelts
  • Naturalizing And Woodland Gardens

Planting & Growing

European Silver Fir will grow to be about 60 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 15 feet. It has a low canopy, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 50 years or more.

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type, but has a definite preference for acidic soils. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in both summer and winter to conserve soil moisture and protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This species is not originally from North America.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight Soil pH Preference
Characteristics
Articulation  Screening  Windbreak  Naturalizing 
Applications
Foliage Color  Plant Form  Bark  Winter Value 
Ornamental Features
This Plant Library is an online resource representing many of the varieties that we carry over the course of the season, and is intended for informational purposes only. Inventory varies seasonally and changes from day to day, so we cannot guarantee that every plant will be in stock at all times - please contact the store directly for current availability. It does not include our entire selection of plants, so be sure to visit our store to see varieties that may not be represented on this list.